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L2 Visa USA: Work Permit for L1 Visa Dependents

L2 Visa USA: Work Permit for L1 Visa Dependents

The L-2 visa in the United States represents a critical opportunity for dependents of individuals holding an L-1 visa. This visa category is specifically designed to cater to the spouses and children of those who are in the U.S. under the L-1 visa, which is primarily issued for intracompany transfers. Understanding the intricacies of the L-2 visa, including the eligibility for work permits, the application process, and the role of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), is essential for those looking to navigate this pathway.

Understanding the L-2 Visa: A Gateway for L-1 Visa Holders' Families

The L-2 visa serves as a vital nonimmigrant visa category within the United States, specifically carved out for dependents of individuals holding an L-1 Visa. This visa enables the spouses and unmarried children (under the age of 21) of L-1 visa holders to live in the United States. The primary aim of the L-2 visa is to ensure family unity, allowing families to live together in the U.S. while the principal visa holder is employed under an L-1 visa. A notable advantage of the L-2 Visa is the opportunity it provides for work authorization making it a key consideration for those seeking a work visa USA. Eligible dependents can pursue this by submitting Form I-765 to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). 

Upon approval, they receive an Employment Authorization Document (EAD), which permits them to seek employment across various sectors in the U.S. without any employment type restrictions. The duration and validity of both the L-2 Visa and the work authorization are closely linked to the status of the L-1 Visa holder. This connection underscores the importance of the L-1 Visa holder maintaining their visa status. The L-2 Visa thus offers a comprehensive solution for dependents to not only accompany their family members but also to work and study in the United States.

Eligibility Requirements for the L-2 Visa

To be eligible for the L-2 visa, individuals must either be the legally wedded spouse or a child (below 21 years and unmarried) of an L-1 visa holder. A critical point to remember is that the L-2 visa's eligibility is contingent upon the L-1 visa holder being in compliance with their visa conditions. The status and standing of the L-1 visa holder directly impact the eligibility of their dependents for the L-2 visa.

Application Process for L-2 Visa 

The application process for an L-2 visa involves several steps:

1. Visa Application

The process for obtaining an L-2 visa, designated for dependents of L-1 visa holders, involves a series of well-defined steps. Firstly, the dependent must fill out the DS-160 form, an essential online nonimmigrant visa application used by USCIS. This step initiates the formal application process.

2. Documentation

Subsequently, the applicant is required to gather and submit a range of documents. These documents primarily serve to establish the familial relationship with the L-1 visa holder, and typically include marriage certificates for spouses and birth certificates for children.

3. Interview

The next phase of the application process involves an in-person interview. This is usually conducted at a U.S. embassy or consulate in the applicant’s home country. The interview is a crucial part of the process, assessing the validity of the application and the authenticity of the documents provided.

4. Visa Approval

Finally, upon successful completion of these steps and receiving approval, the L-2 visa is officially stamped in the dependent’s passport. This stamp grants the bearer the authorization to travel to the United States under the L-2 visa status.

Work Authorization on L-2 Visa

One of the significant benefits of the L-2 visa is the ability for dependents to apply for work authorization in the United States. This is not automatically granted upon entry but requires an additional application.

Applying for Work Authorization

To legally work, L-2 visa holders must file Form I-765 with USCIS to obtain an Employment Authorization Document (EAD), which is required to legally work in the United States. This process, although not automatic upon visa approval, allows them considerable employment flexibility, unlike some dependent visa categories. The EAD's validity is typically tied to the L-2 visa's duration, dependent on the L-1 visa holder's status. Through this authorization, dependents can fully engage in employment opportunities, enhancing their U.S. experience while maintaining family unity.

Processing Time

The processing time for Form I-765 can vary, but it typically takes several months. During this time, the USCIS reviews the application to ensure that the L-2 visa holder is eligible for work authorization.

Duration of Work Authorization

The validity of the EAD for L-2 visa holders is typically linked to the validity of their L-2 visa. This means that if the L-1 visa holder's status is extended, the L-2 visa and associated work authorization can also be extended. When L-2 visa holders apply for employment authorization by submitting Form I-765 to USCIS, the granted Employment Authorization Document (EAD) is typically valid for the same period as the L-2 visa. This synchronization ensures that the work authorization remains valid as long as the dependent maintains L-2 status, linked to the L-1 visa holder’s authorized stay in the United States. Extensions are possible, but they require timely re-application and USCIS approval.

Benefits of Holding an L-2 Visa

The L-2 visa, linked to the L-1 visa, offers substantial benefits for dependents, enhancing their stay in the United States. 

1 .Employment Opportunities

Primarily, it grants dependents the unique privilege to apply for a work permit. By filing Form I-765 with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), L-2 visa holders can obtain an Employment Authorization Document (EAD), allowing them to work in any sector, a flexibility not commonly found in dependent visa categories, which is a significant advantage compared to some other dependent visa categories that restrict employment. This work authorization is directly connected to the validity of the L-2 visa, ensuring alignment with the primary L-1 visa holder's status.

2 .Educational Opportunities

Dependents on an L-2 visa can also attend school or university in the U.S., either part-time or full-time, without needing to change their visa status to a student visa. This aspect is particularly advantageous for those seeking to further their education while in the U.S. 

3 .Social Security Number

Once they have received their EAD, L-2 visa holders can apply for a Social Security Number (SSN), which is necessary for employment in the U.S.

Overall, the L-2 visa offers a blend of work flexibility, educational opportunities, and family unity, making it a highly beneficial option for L-1 visa dependents.

Challenges and Considerations

The L-2 visa, while offering significant benefits to dependents of L-1 visa holders, comes with its own set of challenges and considerations.

1 .Dependence on L-1 Visa Holder

The L-2 visa is dependent on the status of the L-1 visa holder. If the L-1 visa holder loses their status, the L-2 visa holders must also leave the U.S. or change their status.

2 .Renewal and Extension

The process of renewing or extending an L-2 visa and the associated EAD can be complex and requires careful planning to ensure continuous work authorization, compliance with USCIS regulations, adding to the complexity of maintaining legal status.

3 .Processing Delays

Delays in processing Form I-765 can impact the ability of L-2 visa holders to start or continue working in the U.S., which requires proactive planning. The processing times with USCIS can be lengthy and unpredictable, causing delays in the ability of L-2 visa holders to commence or continue employment in the U.S. 


The L-2 visa offers a valuable opportunity for the dependents of L-1 visa holders to join them in the U.S., with the added benefit of being able to work and study. The process of obtaining an L-2 visa and the subsequent work permit through Form I-765 involves several steps and requires interaction with the USCIS. While there are challenges, such as processing times and dependency on the L-1 visa holder's status, the advantages it offers in terms of employment flexibility and family unity make the L-2 visa a desirable option for many families.